Hybrid variant of the tank T-55-64

(Modernization of the tank T-55)

 

The tank T-55 of Soviet production is the most known and most spread tank in the world.

Beginning from years 50s were produced about 70 000 of T-55 tanks without taking in consideration production of this tank in China upon the soviet license.

Recently there are about 30 countries have about 40 000 tanks and 20 000 from them are in working condition.

 

This tank is known for its reliability, battle effectiveness, simplicity of use, and the main think chip cost of service in comparison with other tanks.

That is why most part of the countries do not in a hurry to take this tank out from the army service and in the contrary, they want modernize this machine and increase its battle potential till the level of modern tanks, prolong its life.

Beside economic and technical reasons existing also psychological aspect of the T-55 story.

These are – traditions, experience of preparation of not one generation of tank specialists, habit and very big quantity (in some countries some millions) of 100 mm , rounds for the main  gun of T-55 tank, which ca be kept  for many years.

Existing some variants of T-55 modernization. Some of them can change completely tactic –technical characteristics of the tank and its look.

These variants have rather big cost, if we take in consideration the parameter “effectiveness/cost” and first of all demonstrate high technology capacities of the designer, but not cost effective variant of modernization.

 

Hybrid variant of the tank T-55-64

Hybrid variant of the tank T-55-64

 

Photo 1

 

Nowadays there is an interest to the simplified variant of T-55 modernization:

-        refreshment of the turret,

-        chassis modernized with an aim of increase protection, increase speed ( by installation of more powerful engine)

-        modernization of transmission and suspension.

 

Existing some variants of modernization in accordance with this scheme in which are used different types of engines and transmissions, with different cost and characteristics.

So we are presenting new variant of modernization of T-55 which consist of exchange of old chassis of T-55 with the new chassis of the tank T-64 and installation of additional protection of the turret.

The new – hybrid vehicle – hybrid of the tank T-55 and T-64, was designed and sample produced under the name T-55-64.

This tank has chassis from T-64 and the modernized turret from T-55. (Photo 1)

 In comparison with chassis of T-55 – chassis of T-64 is more reliable, proven during many years of use, with more than 2 times increased armor protection, with better hydraulic control system, better suspension, better caterpillar, with higher speed and with more cruising range.

The weight of hybrid is 33,8 ton.

The engine – multi fuel opposite, flat diesel of the type 5-TDF with the power – 700 h/p.(Photo 3).

Because the fact that the weight of the tank T-64 on 7 ton more than T-55-64,  the chassis of

T-64 with light T-55 turret,  has bigger life of all details and units. Also decrease the load on the engine and increase the max temperature of its work.

The new chassis gives also possibility to increase the number of rounds from 45 till 55 pieces.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jbncu5kyh10

Video – T-55-64  hybrid tank

 

 

The turret of T-55-64 – is the same turret of T-55 with 100 mm/ gun, but has additionally installed last generation, Ukrainian made ERA (Explosive Reactive Armor) protection set with significantly increase protection level (Photo 2).

 

Hybrid variant of the tank T-55-64

Photo 2

Hybrid variant of the tank T-55-64

 

                                                           Photo 3

 

Service and repair of T64 chassis is more simple in comparison n with T-55 because of design of motor compartment of T-64 (Photo 3)

This T-55-64 hybrid is not a sample of high technology, this is attempt to cut the gap between the tanks of firs generation and modern technique.

It is interesting variant also from the business point of view, because of reasonably low cost of the chassis of T-64 and refreshment of the turret.

 

Technical characteristics

Chassis

from the tank T-64

Mass

33,8 ton

Engine/power

opposite, multi fuel diesel of the type  5-TDF/700h/p

Crew

4 person

Turret

standard turret from T-55 with additional

Ukrainian made ERA  protection set.

Gun   

standard 100 mm . T-55 gun

Number of rounds  

standard 45 (can be increased till 55 pieces).

 

          This tank has chassis from T-64 tank with more than 2 times increased armor protection, with better hydraulic control system, better suspension, better caterpillar, with higher speed and with more cruising range.

 

      Because the fact, that the weight of the tank T-64 on 7 ton more than T-55-64, the chassis of T-64 with light T-55 turret, has bigger life of all details and units. Also decrease the load on the engine and increase the max temperature of its work.

 

Options: additional equipment

 

 

 

a)    Mobile radio suppression System (MRSS) in the range of 20-2000MHz, for protection against radio controlled explosive devices.( In case of your interest,  more detailed description can be presented)

 

b)    The optic electronic unit of the F-3 type for sending sham range signals in order deceive to enemy rangefinders ( In case of your interest, more detailed description can be presented)

 

Photo 4

 

Photo 5

 

With the chassis of T-64  two types of caterpillars can be supplied.

One type for wet, swamp soil (see Photo 4) Second type for sandy , rocky soil (Photo 5) These types of caterpillars can survive after explosion of 4 kg . of explosive.

But after this modernization the owner of T-55 will remain with T-55 chassis of its modernized T-55 tank.